Hinduism- the oldest living religion in the world- strongly believes in eradicating inner as well as outer imperfections by destroying undesirable elements and enriching positive energies in the environment.
To attain the goal of energizing and protecting the inner self and environment, Hinduism has given a significant place to havan/ homam, which is said to be created by Lord Brahma for man’s livelihood & the attainment of his desires.
Havan is a sacred purifying ritual performed by Hindu pundits in temples, homes and working places by involving a sacred fire, Agni God because Hinduism is well aware of the fact that the Sun is the main source of energy and a fire is a representation of the Sun’s energy. As per ancient Hindu texts on havans, any offering to Fire (Agni God) is actually an offering to the Sun. Offerings such as ghee, rice, dry fruits, honey, herbs, wood etc are offered to the sacred fire while reciting Sanskrit mantras.
Mantras are recited to ask Fire God to take the offerings & prayers to the wished-for divinity. For instance, if the host wants to perform a havan for enhancing his/her health, he/she can direct the offerings to the Surya (Sun God). If he/she wants to increase luck and prosperity he/she can ask the sacred fire to take the offerings & prayers to Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi.
A havan has a purifying effect not only on the performer but also on the environment. Offering environmental-friendly goods to fire and chanting of mantras re-energizes one’s chakras, producing a re-vitalized and invigorating effect for one’s the body as well as mind that leads to further success by swapping negative energies such as anger, rashness & irrational thinking with positive ones like calmness, tranquility and controlled attitudes.
Havan dispels negative and untoward energies by creating a protective shield around the place where the ceremony is performed. This kindles peace of mind, good health, which improves mental faculties and increases discriminating power, ensuring success in all goings-on.
Different scientific experiments have already proven that havans destroys harmful bacteria in the environment. Experiments have also shown that a patient suffering from typhoid disease can get rid of this bane by exposing his/her self to the smoke of havan for just half-an-hour.
Havans attach humans to the divine nature by providing them with a way to burn away one’s karma and get closer to the Almighty. Thus, havans are performed by believers of the Hinduism at almost all religious ceremonies and important events.